Press Clips tech

Press Clips Week 10-2019

Press Clips Week 10-2019

Contents

Two NASA Astronauts Will Conduct The First All-Feminine Spacewalk In Historical past

An all-female crew will carry out a spacewalk on the Worldwide Area Station for the primary time in historical past, in line with NASA.

Astronauts Anne McClain and Christina Koch are set to conduct the stroll on March 29, and Canadian Area Company flight controller Kristen Facciol will present help from the bottom. Along with two area walkers and the flight controller, Mary Lawrence will take the helm as lead flight director and Jackie Kagey would be the lead flight controller, NASA confirmed.

The stroll marks 35 years since Valentina Tereshkova turned the first lady to stroll in area in 1963. Since then, 59 totally different ladies have flown to area as of 2017, together with cosmonauts, astronauts, payload specialists and overseas nationwide, based on NASA.

Learn extra at: CNBC

SpaceX Dragon Capsule Splashes Down In Atlantic Ocean: NASA

The SpaceX Dragon capsule efficiently splashed down within the Atlantic Ocean on Friday after greater than six days in area, finishing its demonstration mission for US area company NASA.

“Good splashdown of Dragon confirmed!” the SpaceX account tweeted together with a picture of the capsule displaying its 4 foremost white and orange parachutes deployed as two boats sped towards it.

Stay footage from NASA confirmed the capsule’s essential parachutes opened with no hitch, and it splashed down at eight:45 am (1345 GMT), finishing a mission to reveal that it might reliably and safely carry astronauts to the Worldwide Area Station (ISS).

Learn extra at: Spacedaily

China Getting ready For Area Station Missions

The China Manned Area Engineering Workplace (CMSEO) introduced Monday that the core module of the nation’s area station, the Lengthy March-5B service rocket and its payloads can be despatched to the launch website within the second half of this yr, to make preparations for the area station missions.

China is scheduled to finish the development of the area station round 2022. It is going to be the nation’s area lab in long-term secure in-orbit operation.

The area station may have a core module and experiment modules, that are beneath improvement and shall be launched into area by the Lengthy March-5B.

Learn extra at: Xinhuanet

Oneweb Of 600 Web Satellites In Area

The thought is straightforward: Get everybody on the planet on the web. And there’s a US-based firm referred to as OneWeb, which, together with European aerospace agency Airbus, hopes to realize simply that. It’s not the primary and even the one one to attempt it. However OneWeb is the primary to get thus far.

After beginning up seven years in the past, the corporate is lastly beginning to launch a fleet of about 600 satellites right into a low-Earth orbit. That’s nearer to Earth than most communications satellites and one purpose why the community may truly work, with “higher net efficiency,” as the corporate places it.

Low-Earth orbit (LEO) is usually as much as an altitude of 1,000 kilometers (621 miles). For comparability, the Worldwide Area Station orbits at about 400 km, whereas different satellites in LEO are typically for Earth statement and army functions. Most telecommunications satellites fly twice as excessive in medium low-Earth orbit (MEO), and even larger at geostationary Earth orbit (GEO).

Learn extra at: DW

Russia’s Passive-Aggressive Response To Spacex Might Masks A Deeper Fact

One of many huge questions surrounding the primary launch of SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft was how the Russians would react. They’ve held appreciable sway within the Worldwide Area Station partnership by controlling entry to the orbiting laboratory because the 2011 retirement of NASA’s Area Shuttle. To date, the Russian response has been one among throwing small bits of shade right here and there however making an attempt to not be too apparent about it.

On Sunday, when SpaceX’s Dragon spacecraft docked with the Worldwide Area Station, the Russian area company sequestered cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko within the Russian phase of the station. This was, Roscosmos stated, in order that Kononenko might take emergency motion in case the Dragon turned uncontrollable and crashed into the area station.

Learn extra at: Arstechnica

Boeing Preps for Upcoming Starliner Check Flight to Area Station

As SpaceX’s first crew-carrying car wraps up its maiden check flight to the Worldwide Area Station (ISS), Boeing is prepping for its personal second within the solar.

SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule launched early Saturday morning (March 2) on an uncrewed shakeout cruise referred to as Demo-1. The spacecraft arrived on the orbiting lab 27 hours later, and it’s scheduled to return to Earth Friday (March eight).

Boeing will quickly fly an identical mission to the ISS, referred to as Orbital Flight Check (OFT), with its CST-100 Starliner capsule. OFT will carry off from Florida’s Cape Canaveral Air Pressure Station atop a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket; the launch might happen as early as subsequent month.

Learn extra at: Area.com

Results Of Spaceflight On Coronary heart Cell Formation From Stem Cells

Researchers used time-lapse imaging to point out that mouse induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) grown throughout spaceflight differentiated into cardiomyocytes considerably quicker than comparable cells grown at Earth’s gravity.

The strong cardiomyocyte formation at microgravity, which lasted for 10 days, is described in an article revealed in Stem Cells and Improvement, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. Click on right here to learn the full-text article free on the Stem Cells and Improvement web site by way of April 6, 2019.

Learn extra at: Spacedaily

Planetary Researchers Map Potential Sources of Martian Water

The challenges related to delivering people to Mars and returning them safely to Earth can’t be overstated. Inside the parameters of present propulsion know-how, mass would be the final premium, and thus leveraging all obtainable on-site assets might be important.

Probably the most priceless Martian useful resource for dwelling off the land is water, which presents gasoline to maintain an outpost and for the return to Earth, along with an important elements of life help, specifically liquid water and a way to breathe.

“Water ice might be a important useful resource for human explorers on Mars, not just for life help but in addition for producing gasoline to energy gear on the bottom and rockets for the return journey to Earth,” stated Dr. Nathaniel Putzig, a senior scientist at Planetary Science Institute.

Learn extra at: sci-news

NASA Reassessing EM-1 Launch Date

NASA Marshall Area Flight Middle (MSFC) Director Jody Singer stated right now that the company is reassessing the 2020 launch readiness date for Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1), the primary launch of Area Launch System (SLS) with an uncrewed Orion capsule.  SLS was an excepted exercise through the 35-day partial authorities shutdown so work didn’t cease and vital progress is being made, however NASA needs to make sure the system is prepared earlier than trying the primary launch.

Talking at a Area Transportation Affiliation (STA) assembly on Capitol Hill in the present day, Singer outlined how a lot has been completed thus far.  All of the segments for EM-1 are prepared besides the core stage, which is “virtually prepared,” however a lot testing stays.   The “Inexperienced Run” all-up system check at Stennis Area Middle will happen late this yr or early subsequent, she stated.

Learn extra at: Spacepolicy on-line

China Opens Its First Mars Simulation Base In Qinghai Province

China has opened its first Mars simulation base to the general public to encourage younger individuals to become involved in area exploration. The Mars simulation base, which opened on Friday, is situated in Mangai metropolis, in Northwest China’s Qinghai Province.

The pink rock space within the Qaidam Basin in Qinghai has been referred to as probably the most “Martian” place on Earth, with its pure options, panorama and local weather all just like these on the purple planet, stated Gao Junling, the challenge founder. The area has the nation’s largest Yardang landform. The temperatures right here differ drastically between day and night time, just like these on Mars, in line with Gao.

He stated that members might immerse themselves within the setting and attempt to clear up issues they could face on Mars, reminiscent of planting potatoes on Mars for meals provide and solar energy era.

Learn extra at: International occasions

Unique Interview: Virgin Galactic CEO George Whitesides

Ten years in the past, nobody would have imagined area ranger Buzz Lightyear’s actions turning into a actuality, however late final yr Virgin Galactic’s supersonic, rocket-powered spaceplane, VSS Unity, flew into area.

“It’s an exquisite, liberating expertise,” says George Whitesides, chief government of Virgin Galactic, referring to an earlier zero gravity expertise. “You might have spent your entire life at 1G and to be free of that’s unimaginable; I discovered studying the right way to transfer in a brand new setting turned on bits of my mind I in all probability hadn’t used since I used to be a toddler.”

Learn extra at: buyingbusinesstravel

China’s Business Service Rocket To Make Maiden Flight In H1

China’s first service rocket for business use is scheduled to make its maiden flight within the first half of 2019, based on the China Academy of Launch Car Know-how (CALVT).

The rocket, named Sensible Dragon-1 (SD-1), is the primary member of the Dragon collection business service rockets household to be produced by CALVT, as China accelerates the event of economic area business.

China’s present service rockets all belong to the Lengthy March household.

Learn extra at: Xinhuanet

ESA’s Area Climate Mission To Be Protected Towards Stormy Solar

ESA is planning Earth’s first devoted area climate observatory to warn of probably dangerous turbulence in our dad or mum star. Like a referee at a sports activities recreation, the Lagrange spacecraft will be capable of observe each the solar and Earth in addition to the area in between – however will itself be within the area climate line of fireside.

“This shall be an operational slightly a scientific mission, which means it has to maintain on working as a result of individuals can be relying on it,” explains ESA area surroundings specialist Piers Jiggens.

“On Earth it wouldn’t be acceptable to have climate forecasting infrastructure that stops working when a hurricane is coming, as a result of protection can be misplaced on the level when an excessive climate occasion impacts our lives probably the most.

Learn extra at: Phys.org

An Asteroid the Measurement of a Jumbo Jet Simply Buzzed Safely By Earth

An asteroid as huge as a jumbo jet made an in depth flyby of Earth at this time (March four).

The area rock, named asteroid 2015 EG, posed no menace through the encounter because it handed by at a protected distance of about 274,400 miles (441,600 kilometers), or 1.1 occasions the typical distance between Earth and the moon, at four:03 p.m. EST (2103 GMT).

As its identify implies, asteroid 2015 EG was found in 2015. NASA estimates that the area rock measures between 63 and 141 ft (19 to 43 meters) throughout and is presently barrelling by means of the photo voltaic system at 21,545 mph (9.63 km/s). It’s truly considered one of 5 near-Earth asteroids on NASA’s radar at this time, however asteroid 2015 EG made the closest strategy of all of them, in response to NASA’s Asteroid Watch.

Learn extra at: Area.com

Assume We Can Nuke Away An Incoming Asteroid? Assume Once more

Asteroids are a lot more durable to destroy than beforehand thought, new modelling exhibits.

The analysis, revealed within the journal Icarus, exhibits that an asteroid broken in a collision – by one other asteroid, as an example, or a nuclear missile fired at it within the blind hope that doing so will forestall it from smacking into the planet with catastrophic penalties – will considerably reconstruct itself due to the robust gravitational pull of its still-intact core.

The modelling, funded by NASA, considerably updates and contradicts earlier analysis that confirmed that a collision between a small asteroid and a big one would utterly demolish the latter, the destruction facilitated by the speedy transit of cracks proper by means of it.

Learn extra at: Cosmos journal

Are Small Satellites The Answer For Area Climate Monitoring?

With key area climate satellites anticipated to fail earlier than U.S. and European businesses launch replacements, “small satellites could be the solely method of averting a bleak future,” stated Daniel Baker, director of the College of Colorado’s Laboratory for Atmospheric and Area Physics.

Most of the devices the U.S. depends on to watch photo voltaic flares, coronal mass ejections and different phenomena that pose a menace to satellites in orbit and know-how on the bottom are nicely past their anticipated life spans. The Nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is sending new devices into orbit on its newest era of geostationary climate satellites however different updates to the area climate constellation are more likely to fly years after present devices fail.

Learn extra at: Spacenews

The US Air Pressure’s X-60A Hypersonic Analysis Car Accomplished Its Essential Design Assessment

The programme is now shifting into the fabrication part, with the preliminary flight of the car scheduled to happen in a few yr at Cecil Spaceport in Jacksonville, Florida, says the USAF. The liquid-rocket powered car is designed to be launched after being dropped from underneath the stomach of a NASA C-20A, a army model of the Gulfstream III enterprise jet.

The car is being developed by the USAF Analysis Laboratory (AFRL) at Wight-Patterson Air Drive Base, in Ohio in partnership with Era Orbit Launch Providers.

Learn extra at: Flight international

German Engineers Produce And Check 3D-Printed Rocket Engine

The brand new technique will permit the load and manufacturing value of a rocket to be decreased, whereas growing payload and implementing extra refined cooling techniques.

German Aerospace Centre (DLR) in collaboration with SLM Options, have efficiently created a rocket engine, referred to as BERTA, absolutely assembled utilizing 3D-printing know-how. The engine, which might be utilized in an Ariane 6 modular rocket developed by the ArianeGroup for the European Area Company (ESA), is able to delivering satellites to geostationary switch or sun-synchronous orbits.

Learn extra at: Spacedaily

Illinois Native Makes use of Expertise On Farm To Construct Deep Area Rocket

Milking cows and baling hay may need extra to do with rocket science than you assume.

Rising up on a working dairy farm in rural Breese, Illinois, NASA engineer Julie Bassler watched planes fly overhead as she labored within the fields.

“As a toddler, the closest I ever obtained to seeing massive cities was watching the airplanes that flew over our farm headed to their locations,” Bassler stated. “I might assume, ‘I need to do this,’ and so my first dream was to be an airline pilot.”

Learn extra at: Spacedaily

NASA Captures Unprecedented Pictures Of Supersonic Shockwaves

NASA has captured unprecedented photographs of the interplay of shockwaves from two supersonic plane, a part of its analysis into creating planes that may fly quicker than sound with out thunderous “sonic booms”.

When an plane crosses that threshold—round 1,225 kilometers (760 miles) per hour at sea degree—it produces waves from the strain it places on the air round it, which merge to trigger the ear-splitting sound.

In an intricate maneuver by “rock star” pilots at NASA’s Armstrong Flight Analysis Middle in California, two supersonic T-38 jets flew simply 30 ft (9 meters) aside under one other aircraft ready to photograph them with a complicated, high-speed digital camera, the company stated.

Learn extra at: Phys.org

Magnonic Units Can Exchange Electronics With out A lot Noise

Digital units reminiscent of transistors are getting smaller and can quickly hit the bounds of typical efficiency based mostly on electrical currents.

Units based mostly on magnonic currents – quasi-particles related to waves of magnetization, or spin waves, in sure magnetic supplies – would rework the business, although scientists want to raised perceive how you can management them.

Engineers on the College of California, Riverside, have made an necessary step towards the event of sensible magnonic units by learning, for the primary time, the extent of noise related to propagation of magnon present.

Learn extra at: Spacedaily

Area Energy Plant And A Mission To Mars: China’s New Plans To Conquer The Last Frontier

If scientists can overcome the formidable technical challenges, the venture would symbolize a monumental leap in combating the Earth’s habit to soiled energy sources which worsen air air pollution and international warming. An area-based solar energy station might additionally present an alternative choice to the present era of earthbound and comparatively ineffective renewable power sources.

Scientists had beforehand thought area photo voltaic crops (SSPs) can be prohibitively costly.

Learn extra at: CNN

Home Area Subcommittee Chair Weighs In On America’s Future In Area

With area tourism and business astronaut flights coming quickly in the USA, Congress and the general public want a greater understanding of the dangers of spaceflight, says the freshman chair of the Home area subcommittee .

“We don’t need to put people in danger,” Kendra Horn (D-Okla.) stated in an interview. “We don’t need to take pointless danger, however going into area in and of itself, it’s important that we do it. It impacts our reside in so some ways, together with the tech we depend on immediately. Meaning a willingness to tackle danger … so I feel that we’ve got to have a broader dialog about what these ranges of danger appear to be, and when it’s acceptable to take a few of these dangers.”

Learn extra at: Forbes

Air Pressure Secretary Heather Wilson to step down

Air Pressure Secretary Heather Wilson knowledgeable President Trump on Friday that she can be stepping down Might 31 to turn out to be president of the College of Texas El Paso.

“Upon a positive last vote by the Regents, I’ll resign my place as Secretary of the Air Drive efficient Might 31, 2019,” Wilson wrote March eight in a resignation letter. “This could permit enough time for a clean transition and guarantee efficient advocacy throughout upcoming Congressional hearings.”

She famous within the letter that she determined to maneuver to academia as a result of “American greater schooling wants robust leaders to satisfy the challenges of the 21st century.

Learn extra at: Spacenews

US Constructive On N. Korea Denuclearization Regardless of ‘Operational’ Rocket Website

The US nonetheless believes the “absolutely verified denuclearization” of North Korea is feasible by the top of President Donald Trump’s “first time period,” a senior official stated Thursday, regardless of warnings a key rocket launch website seems to have resumed operations.

The specialised web site 38 North and the Middle for Strategic and Worldwide Research used business satellite tv for pc imagery to trace development on the website — which they stated started earlier than final week’s aborted summit in Hanoi between Trump and North Korea’s Kim Jong Un.

Photographs taken on March 6 confirmed that a rail-mounted construction to switch rockets to the launching pad appeared to have been accomplished and “might now be operational.”

Learn extra at: Spacedaily

EELV Is No Extra. It Is Now ‘Nationwide Safety Area Launch’

In line with a mandate from Congress, the Air Drive on Friday formally renamed the Advanced Expendable Launch Car program. It’s now the Nationwide Safety Area Launch program.

The 2019 Nationwide Protection Authorization Act directed the identify change efficient March 1. The 25-year-old EELV program was created lengthy earlier than the creation of reusable rockets. Congress in renaming this system famous that this can be a new period when each reusable and expendable launch automobiles ought to be thought-about in future solicitations.

“The Secretary of Protection shall pursue a technique that features absolutely or partially reusable launch methods,” the NDAA says. Congress additionally directs DoD to proceed to work on a course of to guage and certify launch automobiles utilizing beforehand flown elements or techniques.

Learn extra at: Spacenews

EELV Isn’t What It Used To Be: Air Pressure Modifications Launch Program Identify

Even earlier than the area shuttle Challenger accident in 1986, the US army needed entry to area unbiased of the civilian area company. However that accident spurred the Reagan administration to plan a Nationwide Area Launch Technique that directed the army to develop a “combined fleet” coverage and guarantee entry to area by means of a number of automobiles.

By 1994, because the army sought to develop a secure of rockets for the 21st century, Air Drive Vice Chief of Employees Thomas Moorman urged improvement of an “advanced expendable launch car,” or EELV strategy. The aim of the Moorman plan was to “evolve” the growing older Atlas and Delta rockets by enhancing their reliability and decreasing their value. This grew into the Atlas V and Delta IV rockets presently constructed and flown by United Launch Alliance.

Learn extra at: Arstechnica

Former JSC Director George Abbey: Schooling, Management Key To Human Spaceflight

If NASA needs to get its human spaceflight program again on monitor, former Johnson Area Middle Director George Abbey says the U.S. must redouble its schooling efforts.

“Should you’re going to achieve success, it’s a must to have the individuals with the background and schooling is a part of it,” Abbey stated Monday. “This nation has a serious drawback with schooling and we have to tackle it.”

Abbey spoke at an occasion Monday night time discussing a brand new biography about him, “The Astronaut Maker: How One Mysterious Engineer Ran Human Spaceflight for a Era,” by Michael Cassutt. Cassutt was additionally in attendance.

Learn extra at: Chron

Chinese language Area Exploration Wants Feminine Astronauts: Chinese language Professional

Chinese language ladies are enjoying a extra vital position within the nation’s aerospace packages, working as astronauts, serving to develop aeromedicine and Mars exploration, in line with an skilled.

Two ladies, Liu Yang and Wang Yaping, are members of the seventh staff of Chinese language astronauts. They have been chosen from a gaggle of married feminine transport aircraft pilots, and are amongst China’s fist 10 astronauts who’ve been in area.

Each Liu and Wang labored in area as mission specialists and have been proven to have wonderful bodily and psychological attributers, Pang Zhihao, nationwide chief science communication skilled of area exploration know-how, informed the International Occasions on Thursday.

Learn extra at: ecns

‘What Do You Eat in Area? Shrimp!’: Former NASA Chief Narrates Tales from Orbit

“What does it really feel like going into area?” was the query most of the a whole lot of scholars seated contained in the Kondajji Basappa auditorium in Bengaluru had considered through the interplay with former NASA chief Main Basic Charles Frank Bolden Jr.

Not many have been ready for the response. “When the well-known countdown of 10, 9, eight, 7 begins, you hear the sound of an enormous explosion (mimics explosion noise). These are your thrusters kicking in and inside seconds, you lean again and whereas the primary 7 minutes and 45 seconds of the journey are fairly snug, it’s if you find yourself exiting the environment that you simply really feel like there’s a gorilla beating your chest, if you end up travelling at 18,000 miles per hour,” defined Maj. Gen Bolden Jr in a relaxed, succinct manner as he soaked up the adulation of the scholars of Bharat Scouts and Guides he was addressing in Bengaluru on Wednesday.

Learn extra at: Information Minute

The Cosmic Imaginative and prescient Of Jeff Bezos

Jeff Bezos shouldn’t be a person of little goals. The world’s richest individual, with an estimated internet value of greater than $130 billion, is spending a few of his wealth on his area startup, Blue Origin. A lot of the eye that the corporate has acquired has targeted on the billions he’s invested into the corporate, its plans to fly vacationers on its suborbital New Shepard car and its entry into the orbital launch market with its New Glenn rocket.

However these automobiles are simply the beginning of a a lot grander imaginative and prescient about the way forward for humanity. Chatting with an viewers primarily of aviation business executives at a Wings Membership luncheon in New York Feb. 20, Bezos made the case these automobiles are step one towards a future the place humanity expands past Earth to harness the power and different assets of the photo voltaic system.

Learn extra at: Spacenews

Brexit Britain Will Be ‘Misplaced In Area’

Will Marshall’s Planet firm operates the world’s largest satellite tv for pc imaging community, with 150 spacecraft capable of absolutely image Earth each day.

He warns EU withdrawal will do immense hurt to Britain’s area business. The UK shall be “misplaced in area”, he says. The UK Area Company responded by saying house companies had a constructive outlook.

The newest survey of confidence throughout the sector discovered that three-quarters of organisations anticipated progress over the subsequent three years, it added. Dr Marshall, a Nasa worker earlier than founding Planet, airs his considerations in a weblog posting.

Learn extra at: BBC

5 Years On, 5 Theories About MH370’s Disappearance

On March eight, 2014, Malaysia Airways Flight MH370 vanished whereas en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing, triggering the most important hunt in aviation historical past.

Just a few fragments of the jet have been discovered, all on western Indian Ocean shores, and search efforts ended final yr.

The disappearance has spawned a number of theories — some credible, some outlandish.

Learn extra at: Spacedaily

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