- 1 Worldwide Area Station’s US Phase Leaked Dozens of Kilograms of Methane
- 2 How Israel’s Probe Crashed Into The Moon Thursday
- 3 World’s Largest Airplane Takes Flight For The First Time Ever
- 4 Falcon Heavy’s First Business Flight Is ‘Large’ As ‘An Inflection Level’ For Spacex, Banker Says
- 5 NASA’s Twins Research Exhibits How The Body Modifications In Area
- 6 Lockheed Martin Gives Structure For 2024 Human Lunar Touchdown
- 7 Spacex Lands All 3 Boosters Of The World’s Most Highly effective Rocket
- 8 NASA Researchers Catalogue All Microbes And Fungi On The International Area Station
- 9 Astronauts Enterprise Outdoors For Extra Battery Work, Cable Installations
- 10 Rocket Breakup Offers Uncommon Probability to Check Debris Formation
- 11 New Model Precisely Predicts Harmful Area Weather
- 12 India ASAT Debris Spotted Above 2,200 Kilometers, Will Stay A Yr Or Extra In Orbit
- 13 India’s ASAT Check And Altering Perceptions Of Area Warfare
- 14 Indian Anti-Satellite Check Proves Early Check For Area Fence
- 15 Guam Chosen As Virgin Orbit’s Launch Website
- 16 Area Tourism – A Launch Australia Can’t Afford To Miss
- 17 Branson: DoD ‘Very Excited’ By Virgin’s Launch System
- 18 Martian Soil Detox Might Lead to New Medicines
- 19 SABRE Hypersonic Jet/Rocket Hybrid Engine Passes Key Precooler Check
- 20 Getting Scott Kelly’s Blood Back To Earth Was A Logistical Nightmare
- 21 Astronauts on the Moon in 2024? US Can’t Do It Alone, NASA Chief Says
- 22 New Opportunities Emerging For U.S.-China Area Cooperation
- 23 US to Transfer Quick on Hypersonic Weapons Like China, Russia – Stratcom Chief
- 24 STRATCOM’s Hyten Calls For Area Rules After India’s ASAT Check: Replace
- 25 Remarks by Gen. Jay Raymond at the 35th Area Symposium, Colorado Springs, Colorado
- 26 Air Pressure Chief Goldfein: To Win In Area, U.S. Must Work Nearer With Allies
- 27 Hyten: Hypersonic Missile Defense Satellites A Job For The Area Improvement Company
- 28 Why Apollo Had a Flammable Pure Oxygen Surroundings
- 29 The First Group of Feminine Cosmonauts Have been Educated to Conquer the Remaining Frontier
- 30 Former ISS Nationwide Lab Government Indicted For Allegedly ‘Expensing’ Prostitutes
Worldwide Area Station’s US Phase Leaked Dozens of Kilograms of Methane
The RRM-Three module of the American part of the Worldwide Area Station (ISS) has leaked a number of dozens of kilograms of methane into area, a supply in the area business advised Sputnik. The incident reportedly occurred after the section’s electric gear malfunctioned and the cryogenic freezing system, which keeps the methane in liquid type thereby allowing it to more easily be contained, stopped working.
There was no instant menace these on board the ISS, as the module is situated outdoors of the station’s crew quarters. The station side-light shutters have been briefly closed to keep away from contamination.
Learn more at: Sputnik news
How Israel’s Probe Crashed Into The Moon Thursday
Israeli officers launched info on Friday about what induced the tiny nation’s area probe to crash into the moon, thwarting their goals of turning into the fourth country to land on the lunar floor.
Read more at: Houston chronicle
World’s Largest Airplane Takes Flight For The First Time Ever
The world’s largest airplane took flight for the primary time ever on Saturday morning. Built by rocket launch firm Stratolaunch, the 500,000-pound aircraft with a 385-foot wingspan lifted off shortly after 10AM ET from Mojave Air and Area Port in Mojave, California. It was a crucial first check flight for the aircraft, designed to launch rockets into orbit from the air. The inaugural flight lasted for 150 minutes, in response to the company, after which the aircraft safely landed.
The twin-fuselage Stratolaunch is designed to fly to an altitude of 35,000 ft, the place it might drop rockets that ignite their engines and increase themselves into orbit around the planet. There isn’t any rocket on this specific flight. However the company has already signed at the least one customer, Northrop Grumman, which plans to use Stratolaunch to ship its Pegasus XL rocket into area.
Learn extra at: Verge
Falcon Heavy’s First Business Flight Is ‘Large’ As ‘An Inflection Level’ For Spacex, Banker Says
Regardless that it wasn’t the rocket’s debut, “there’s been plenty of anticipation” for the huge Falcon Heavy rocket’s first business launch, stated Ann Kim, a managing director at Silicon Valley Bank.
SpaceX flew Falcon Heavy flawlessly on Thursday, placing into orbit a big Saudi Arabian communications satellite tv for pc. But to Kim, whereas the launch’s execution might have been as dazzling as its maiden flight final yr, the classification of Falcon Heavy’s second flight made it much more necessary.
“To truly classify a launch as business, not as a check, is large,” Ann Kim, managing director of the financial institution’s frontier know-how group, informed CNBC. Silicon Valley Bank is a California-based technology-focused bank, with $57 billion in belongings as of the top of 2018.
Learn more at: CNBC
NASA’s Twins Research Exhibits How The Body Modifications In Area
Scientists have despatched lots of of people (and a number of animals) into area. Most of these missions have been comparatively brief—the longest area flight ever was round 15 months, carried out by Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov over 20 years in the past. Consequently, scientists don’t have a variety of knowledge on the physiological modifications that happen to the body after prolonged durations of time in area.
On April 11, a group of scientists reported a few of the most comprehensive knowledge on the bodily modifications that happen when the body stays in area for a few yr. The work concluded that indeed, human physiology adapts to the new surroundings, and largely re-conforms to life on Earth once it returns.
Learn extra at: QZ
Lockheed Martin Gives Structure For 2024 Human Lunar Touchdown
Lockheed Martin says it has developed an strategy to attaining the aim of touchdown people on the south pole of the moon by 2024, but warns that development of important hardware must start quickly to satisfy that deadline.
In a briefing on the 35th Area Symposium here April 10, firm officers stated they will make in depth use of present hardware to develop elements like a scaled-down version of the lunar Gateway and a two-stage lunar lander on an accelerated schedule.
Whereas many particulars have but to be worked out, the essential parts of the plan, Lockheed argues, demonstrates that the power to satisfy the 2024 deadline established March 26 by Vice President Mike Pence in a Nationwide Area Council speech is no less than technically possible, if difficult.
Read extra at: Spacenews
Spacex Lands All 3 Boosters Of The World’s Most Highly effective Rocket
THE FALCON HEAVY rocket is many issues, but “timely” isn’t one in every of them. Delay after delay have plagued its improvement. And this week, the same destiny befell its launch schedule. Initially slated to carry off final Sunday, the Falcon Heavy’s first business launch was thrice delayed on account of unfavorable climate circumstances earlier than it lastly left launchpad 39-A at Kennedy Area Middle right now.
However it was well worth the wait. The minute the launch window opened on Thursday, the rocket boosted its payload, a Saudi Arabian telecommunications satellite tv for pc, towards geostationary orbit. Even from throughout a number of miles of water, the facility of 5 million kilos of thrust was sufficient to rattle your ribcage.
Read extra at: Wired
NASA Researchers Catalogue All Microbes And Fungi On The International Area Station
A comprehensive catalogue of the bacteria and fungi found on surfaces inside the International Area Station (ISS) is being introduced in a research revealed in the open entry journal Microbiome. Information of the composition of the microbial and fungal communities on the ISS can be used to develop security measures for NASA for long-term area journey or dwelling in area.
Dr Kasthuri Venkateswaran, at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), the corresponding writer stated: “Particular microbes in indoor spaces on Earth have been shown to impression human health. This is even more necessary for astronauts throughout spaceflight, as they’ve altered immunity and shouldn’t have entry to the subtle medical interventions out there on Earth. “
Read extra at: Euerkalert
Astronauts Enterprise Outdoors For Extra Battery Work, Cable Installations
Two astronauts floated outdoors the International Area Station Monday for NASA’s third spacewalk in less than three weeks, this one to assist exchange a faulty solar array battery that was installed in the course of the first tour, to route ethernet cabling to extend wi-fi connectivity and to put in backup energy strains for the lab’s robot arm.
Floating within the Quest airlock, NASA flight engineer Anne McClain, call sign EV-1, and Canadian astronaut David Saint-Jacques, EV-2, switched their spacesuits to battery energy at 7:31 a.m. EDT, officially kicking off what turned out to be a six-hour 29-minute tour, the 216th since station assembly started in 1998.
The spacewalkers completed all of their main goals without any major problems. McClain had a little bit of hassle clearly listening to mission control toward the top of the tour and reported moisture on her helmet visor after returning to the airlock. But she stated there were no signs of an precise water leak which may pose a security menace.
Learn more at: Spaceflight Now
Rocket Breakup Offers Uncommon Probability to Check Debris Formation
The discarded ‘higher stage’ from a rocket launched virtually ten years in the past has lately crumbled to items.
“Leaving a trail of particles in its wake, this fragmentation event offers area particles specialists with a rare opportunity to test their understanding of such massively essential processes”, explains Tim Flohrer, ESA’s Senior Area Particles Monitoring Skilled.
Fragmentation occasions like this one – both break ups or collisions – are the primary source of debris objects in area in the range of a few millimetres to tens of centimetres in measurement. Travelling at huge speeds, these bits of technological trash pose a menace to crucial area infrastructure, akin to satellites offering weather and navigation providers, and even astronauts on the ISS.
Read extra at: ESA
New Model Precisely Predicts Harmful Area Weather
A new, first-of-its-kind area weather model reliably predicts area storms of high-energy particles which are harmful to many satellites and spacecraft orbiting in the Earth’s outer radiation belt. A paper just lately revealed in the journal Area Weather details how the model can accurately give a one-day warning prior to a space storm of ultra-high-speed electrons, also known as “killer” electrons due to the injury they will do to spacecraft comparable to navigation, communications, and climate monitoring satellites. This is the primary time researchers have efficiently predicted these killer electrons across the entire outer belt area.
“Society’s growing reliance on modern-technology infrastructures makes us particularly weak to area climate threats,” stated Yue Chen, a space scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory and lead writer of the research
Learn more at: Lanl
India ASAT Debris Spotted Above 2,200 Kilometers, Will Stay A Yr Or Extra In Orbit
At the very least a dozen fragments from India’s March 27 anti-satellite check reached altitudes above 1,000 kilometers, which means some debris will stay in orbit much longer than estimated by India, based on research from Analytical Graphics Inc. (AGI).
One fragment was noticed at 2,222 kilometers, almost eight occasions larger than the place India intercepted one among its own satellites with a ground-launched missile, Dan Oltrogge, a senior analysis astrodynamicist at AGI, stated.
That fragment, and others orbiting at excessive altitudes in low Earth orbit, will stay in area much longer than the 45 days lately projected by India’s Defence Analysis and Improvement Organisation, Oltrogge stated.
Learn extra at: Spacenews
India’s ASAT Check And Altering Perceptions Of Area Warfare
India’s reasons for deciding to perform their direct-ascent anti-satellite (ASAT) weapon check, Mission Shakti, little question embrace a want to send a robust sign to both Beijing and Islamabad that Delhi is not to be trifled with. There’s also the Indian have to have a seat at the desk when international area governance selections are being made. Furthermore, that is an election yr in India and demonstrating national power in a technologically demanding area gained’t harm the government’s case for remaining in energy.
Make no mistake, hitting a target shifting at one thing like 28,000 kilometers an hour 300 kilometers above the Earth’s surface is not any straightforward factor. Theoretically it ought to be inside the capability of any power with the power to place satellites into orbit, but truly doing the job is sort of a feat. Additionally vital is the best way that India examined its ASAT weapon, limiting the amount of long-lived debris.
Read extra at: Spacereview
Indian Anti-Satellite Check Proves Early Check For Area Fence
Still in testing mode, the U.S. Air Drive Area Fence on Kwajalein Atoll detected India’s March 27 anti-satellite check and issued a break-up alert.
“We happened to be up throughout an endurance check and we have been very excited to see that the system performed nominally,” Matthew Hughes, Lockheed Martin Area Fence and Area Surveillance packages business improvement manager, advised SpaceNews. “Area fence is all concerning the means to determine break ups, maneuvers, intently spaced objects, proximity operations, new overseas launches.”
Lockheed Martin accomplished development of Area Fence and is conducting testing and evaluation of its capabilities. The Air Drive is scheduled to begin initial operation of the ground-based radar, which sends out a curtain of radio frequency power wider than the continental United States, within the fourth quarter of this yr.
Read extra at: Spacenews
Guam Chosen As Virgin Orbit’s Launch Website
Guam has been chosen as a launch website for Virgin Orbit’s LauncherOne Service. A first launch from the island might occur in as little as a yr’s time.
“This can be a uncommon opportunity for our island to be entrance and middle of a groundbreaking area business,” stated Gov. Lou Leon Guerrero. “Guam has all the time been a rare gem recognized for nice weather, a lovely panorama and heat individuals, and now we will add area transportation to that listing.”
Leon Guerrero and Lt. Gov. Joshua Tenorio, along with Virgin Orbit, Sir Richard Branson’s small satellite tv for pc launch firm, made the announcement yesterday.
Tenorio met with Richard DalBello, vice chairman of Business Improvement and Authorities Affairs of Virgin Galactic; and Mandy Vaughn, president of VOX Area LLC, sister firm of Virgin Orbit, last month to debate the chances of using Guam as a hub for launching small satellites.
Learn more at: Saipantribune
Area Tourism – A Launch Australia Can’t Afford To Miss
In late 2018, Sir Richard Branson claimed his Virgin Galactic service can be taking passengers into area by the top of 2019 – that is, a number of months from now.
Whether or not or not the flamboyant entrepreneur meets that deadline, most specialists agree it is just a matter of time before business area journey turns into a reality and there are growing indications Australia might play a key position in the rising area tourism business.
Branson has made it clear he thinks Australia is a particularly engaging location for a spaceport, telling the ABC earlier this yr, “We might love at some point to arrange an operation in Australia and to work with the Australian authorities in making that attainable”.
Read more at: Camden advertiser
Branson: DoD ‘Very Excited’ By Virgin’s Launch System
Sir Richard Branson, founding father of Virgin Group, says Virgin’s LauncherOne could be a key contributor to US and allied area resiliency offering speedy launch and replenishment of satellites stricken in a conflict.
“I’ve simply come from discussions with quite a lot of [US military] people who find themselves very excited that we will take off inside 24 hours … and may fly 6,000 miles in any path, and using our 747 functionality to launch a satellite.” Branson stated. “So, think about there’s a conflict and quite a few US satellites are taken out — and in any battle there also is the likelihood that US launch websites are taken out,” he defined, ” we might find yourself having the necessity to rapidly replenish these satellites.”
Read extra at: Breaking protection
Martian Soil Detox Might Lead to New Medicines
Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is certainly one of humankind’s major long-term health challenges. Now analysis into helping people reside on Mars might help handle this looming drawback.
Dennis Claessen, affiliate professor on the Institute of Biology in Leiden College, the Netherlands works in artificial biology, through which micro organism are engineered to unravel issues that can’t be tackled – or are usually not tackled nicely – by ‘wild’ bacteria. A staff of his students entered the iGEM International Genetically Engineered Machine competition with a solution to the problem of rising non-toxic crops on Mars, but wanted ‘Martian’ gravity to check their ideas.
Learn extra at: ESA
SABRE Hypersonic Jet/Rocket Hybrid Engine Passes Key Precooler Check
Response Engines’ hypersonic SABRE air-breathing rocket engine has taken a serious step in the direction of flight after a key element handed the primary part of high-temperature testing. Beneath circumstances simulating supersonic flight, the engine’s precooler unit quenched a 420° C (788° F) consumption airflow in lower than 1/20th of a second.
The Synergetic Air-Respiration Rocket Engine (SABRE) engine is a hypersonic hybrid design that pulls in air like a standard jet whereas accelerating to speeds of as much as Mach 5 (3,704 mph, 5,961 km/h), then converts to a pure rocket engine burning hydrogen and liquid oxygen, making speeds of as much as Mach 25 (17,521 mph, 29,808 km/h) attainable.
Read more at: Newatlas
Getting Scott Kelly’s Blood Back To Earth Was A Logistical Nightmare
ocket explosions, time-sensitive blood draws, and ultrasound tutorials at the hours of darkness — the science behind the scenes of the NASA’s Twins Research released in the present day was virtually more exciting than the results it contained.
The research appeared on the variations between similar twin astronauts Scott and Mark Kellyin the 25 months surrounding the yr that Scott spent on the Worldwide Area Station. (Mark, who is now operating for Senate, stayed on Earth the whole time.) The outcomes, revealed at the moment within the journal Science, report that most of the in-flight modifications to Scott’s physique snapped again to the best way they have been earlier than he left the ground. However some — like injury to his DNA, and drops in his mental efficiency — didn’t.
Read extra at: Verge
Astronauts on the Moon in 2024? US Can’t Do It Alone, NASA Chief Says
NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine is confident that the agency will be capable of land astronauts on the moon in 2024, however the U.S. gained’t undertake the mission alone, he stated throughout a speech here at the 35th Area Symposium on Tuesday (April 9).
“Putting people on the moon in 2024 isn’t an America-alone effort,” Bridenstine informed a jampacked room of area business officials. “We’d like all of our international companions. Actually, none of us can do what we need to achieve alone.”
Final month, Vice President Mike Pence introduced that President Donald Trump’s administration is directing NASA to hurry up the timeline for its already-planned moon landing in 2028 to 2024 in order that the USA can keep its place because the leading area superpower of the world — a title that might be threatened by a blooming area race with China and Russia, Pence stated at a gathering of the Nationwide Area Council on March 26.
Learn more at: Area.com
New Opportunities Emerging For U.S.-China Area Cooperation
Regardless of the rhetoric of a space race between america and China, specialists say there are opportunities for the nations to broaden cooperation in area that would have broader benefits.
Civil area cooperation between NASA and Chinese language organizations is sharply restricted by language generally referred to as the Wolf Modification, first positioned in an appropriations bill in 2011 by then-U.S. Rep. Frank Wolf (R-Va.) Comparable language has been included in subsequent appropriations bills, including the fiscal yr 2019 appropriations invoice enacted in February.
Learn more at: Spacenews
US to Transfer Quick on Hypersonic Weapons Like China, Russia – Stratcom Chief
Final week, Army Area and Missile Command chief Lieutenant Common James Dickinson stated in congressional testimony that the US armed forces have been planning five check packages on hypersonic weapons techniques within the Marshall Islands within the central Pacific Ocean
The USA is shifting shortly to develop hypersonic weapons just as Russia and China are doing, US Strategic Command Commander Gen. John Hyten informed reporters on the sidelines of a space forum in Colorado on Tuesday.
“Russia and China are going actually quick in hypersonics right now, we’re going to maneuver quick to ensure we will do this,” Hyten stated.
Read more at: Spacewar
STRATCOM’s Hyten Calls For Area Rules After India’s ASAT Check: Replace
For the primary time, the USA is sharing its area warfare plans, often known as Olympic Defender, with a small number of allies, says the top of Strategic Command.
Gen. John Hyten advised us in a Monday evening interview that a new version of the plan was revealed “last December,” he stated. “All the things that’s in that plan might be checked out by our allies.” (There are other area plans not included in Olympic Defender that aren’t being shared).
Hyten would not determine the nations that have requested and been granted access thus far, however it’s a small group. A protected guess can be that it consists of members of the so-called 5 Eyes: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and america.
Learn more at: Breaking defense
United States army leaders supporting the White Home plan for a proposed new area pressure ran into a robust counterforce at a Senate hearing on 11 April.
Republican and Democratic senators alike largely agreed that america needs to improve its army capabilities and defensive consciousness in the face of a space domain that is more and more contested by China, Russia, and others. Nevertheless, a variety of senators have been skeptical about whether or not the administration’s plan to determine a devoted area drive as a new department of the nation’s armed forces can be one of the simplest ways to effectively meet the problem. Additionally they expressed concern a few top-heavy paperwork and the worth tag for an area pressure.
Learn more at: EOS
Remarks by Gen. Jay Raymond at the 35th Area Symposium, Colorado Springs, Colorado
Good morning. How’s everyone doing? Basic Shelton, thanks on your variety introduction. Thanks on your leadership and your continued mentorship.
To the Area Basis – yearly this gets greater and higher. Congratulations in your 35th anniversary.
Madam Secretary, Chief, distinguished guests, women and gents, it’s great – absolutely spectacular – to have the chance to deal with this Symposium, for the third time, because the Air Drive Area Command Commander. And, as I said final yr, 35 years from now at the 70th anniversary, people which might be gathered at the Area Symposium will nonetheless be in awe at the advances which were remodeled the previous few years.
Final yr, the theme of my speak was that we have been in a 9-G turn toward area superiority. I lied. We’re sustaining an 11 or 12-G turn. There isn’t any method in the 30 minutes that I’ve been allotted that I might do justice to all of the things that have occurred over this past yr. The advances that we’ve got made collectively within the Nationwide Security Area mission area are exceptional, and that is completely probably the most exciting time to be in the National Security Area enterprise. Actually, it’s probably the most exciting time.
Learn extra at: AFSPC
Air Pressure Chief Goldfein: To Win In Area, U.S. Must Work Nearer With Allies
Air Drive Chief of Employees Gen. David Goldfein on Thursday hosted in Colorado Springs the first-ever convention of international air chiefs targeted on area points.
“A big a part of our discussion was on how can we work collectively in area, as a result of we’re far stronger collectively than we’re individually,” Goldfein advised SpaceNews on Friday aboard a army aircraft flying again from Colorado Springs.
The conference, held at an Aerospace Corporation’s categorised facility, included the air chiefs of Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway and the United Kingdom. Goldfein stated the thought of a space-focused air chiefs meeting came up during last yr’s Area Symposium in Colorado Springs and he expects it to grow to be an annual event.
Read more at: Spacenews
Hyten: Hypersonic Missile Defense Satellites A Job For The Area Improvement Company
Gen. John Hyten, commander of U.S. Strategic Command and nominated to be the subsequent vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Employees, oversees operations involving a few of the army’s most sensitive satellites that detect and monitor enemy missiles.
Hyten has been insistent that DoD needs a layer of satellites in lower orbits to trace targets a lot closer to Earth than the prevailing missile warning constellation that operates from geostationary orbit. “That needs to be a bit of the architecture,” Hyten advised SpaceNews on Tuesday at the 35th Area Symposium.
Learn extra at: Spacenews
Why Apollo Had a Flammable Pure Oxygen Surroundings
Hearth, as we all know, wants three things: a source of heat, gasoline and oxygen. Apollo lunar missions had all three in spades. There was plenty of electricity operating by means of the spacecraft, plenty of material that might be gasoline and a 100 % oxygen environment beneath strain. So why exactly did NASA design a spacecraft that was an explosion waiting to occur? (This can be a question I get *lots* so I hope this provides a full answer!)
Not lengthy after President Kennedy famously challenged America to a manned lunar touchdown by the top of the 1960s, NASA began determining the way it was going to finish this daring mission, and one of many first things it needed was a spacecraft. Because it had finished with the Mercury spacecraft, the area agency launched a Call For Proposals to business companions inviting them to bid on the contract to construct that spacecraft. In fact, it wasn’t an open call.
Learn more at: Uncover magazine
The First Group of Feminine Cosmonauts Have been Educated to Conquer the Remaining Frontier
They entered a heavily male-dominated business in the early days of area exploration, still terra incognita for humankind. When one among these pioneers, Valentina Tereshkova, returned to Earth as the first lady in area, the entire world celebrated a milestone for each cosmonautics and feminism. But as an alternative of taking the subsequent step, Moscow shelved their feminine cosmonaut program for 20 years.
That is the story of the first all-female Soviet area squad.
Read more at: Smithsonian
Former ISS Nationwide Lab Government Indicted For Allegedly ‘Expensing’ Prostitutes
Federal prosecutors have charged a former government of the Brevard County-based nonprofit that runs the Worldwide Area Station’s national laboratory for utilizing government funds to pay for escort providers, and for falsifying tax returns.
Charles Resnick, served as chief economist for the Middle for the Advancement of Science in Area, or CASIS, which is primarily funded by about $15 million annually from NASA. Based on a 10-count indictment filed Thursday by the U.S. Lawyer’s Office in Tampa, Resnick created phony receipts and different paperwork when submitting expense reviews that hid spending on prostitutes and escorts throughout trips to Europe and New York between 2011 and 2015.
Read extra at: Florida immediately
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